Ophthalmology

doi: 10.25005/2074-0581-2020-22-4-535-541
ASSESSMENT OF EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF COMBINED MICROINVASIVE LASER-SURGICAL TREATMENT OF RHEGMATOGENOUS RETINAL DETACHMENT

A.V. Doga, D.O. Shkvorchenko, L.A. Kry, M.R. Taevere

S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, Moscow, Russian Federation

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of combined laser-surgical treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

Methods: The 32 eyes from 32 patients with a local RRD due to horseshoe tear were enrolled. In addition to standard examination, all patients underwent multispectral laser scanning and wide-field optical coherence tomography (WFOCT) to determine the extention and localization of vitreoretinal tractions (VRT). All patients underwent the combined microinvasive laser-surgical technology of RRD treatment, including YAG-laser excision of the VRT area, pneumatic retinopexy, and barrier laser photocoagulation around the retinal tear after complete retinal attachment (2-3 days). The post-operative examination was performed on days 3 and 7, and in 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. The follow-up period was 2 years.

Results: Retinal attachment was achieved in 30 patients (93.8%). The retina did not attach in 2 cases (6.4%) – in a patient with pseudophakia and in a patient who did not follow the recommendations on the proper head position after surgery. The recurrence of retinal detachment occurred in 2 cases (6.7%) as a result of the new tears formation in lower parts of the fundus periphery. The rest of the patients had a stable anatomical and functional result and no recurrence of the disease during the follow-up period. In 2 cases (6.7%) post-operative WFOCT revealed an additional zone of VRT in the adjacent areas to primary retinal tear which could not be visualized when retina was detached. These patients underwent additional barrier laser photocoagulation around revealed areas. No relapses occurred in these patients. Clinically insignificant retinal bleeding was observed in 4 cases (12.5%) during combined laser angiotomy. Full haemostasis was achieved by the 3-mirror contact lens pressure on the eye.

Conclusions: The presented technology demonstrates efficiency in 93.8% of cases after a single surgical intervention. The advantage of the technology is the complete elimination of VRT, as the main factor of the disease pathogenesis, which increases the anatomical efficacy of surgery and reduces the risk of recurrence. The micro-invasiveness and low trauma of this type of treatment help to minimize complications and accelerate the rehabilitation of patients. Further study of this technology with a large number of patients and a long follow-up period is required.

Keywords: Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, wide-field optical coherence tomography, vitreoretinal traction, YAG-laser retinotomy, pneumatic retinopexy, barrier laser photocoagulation.

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Authors informations:

Doga Aleksandr Viktorovich
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Full Professor, Deputy CEO for Scientific and Clinical Work, S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution
Researcher ID: U-4263-2019
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2519-8941
SPIN: 6460-1726
Author ID: 184054
E-mail: alexander_doga@mail.ru

Shkvorchenko Dmitry Olegovich
Candidate of Medical Sciences, Deputy Chief Physician, S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0176-928X
SPIN: 3094-1973
Author ID: 663870
E-mail: shkvor@mail.ru

Kryl Leonid Anatolyevich
Candidate of Medical Sciences, Senior Researcher of the Department of Laser Retinal Surgery, S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1125-1692
SPIN: 5777-4657
Author ID: 848265
E-mail: doctor-leonid@inbox.ru

Taevere Mariyam Ramazanovna
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Laser Retinal Surgery, S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1013-6924
SPIN: 5252-6779
Author ID: 1046067
E-mail: taeveremr@gmail.com

Information about the source of support in the form of grants, equipment, and drugs

The authors did not receive financial support from manufacturers of medicines and medical equipment

Conflict of interest: No conflict

Address for correspondence:

Taevere Mariyam Ramazanovna
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Laser Retinal Surgery, S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution

127486, Russian Federation, Moscow, Beskudnikovskiy blvd., 59a

Tel.: +7 (916) 0173038

E-mail: taeveremr@gmail.com

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