Pediatrics

doi: 10.25005/2074-0581-2021-23-2-201-207
Exercise-related changes of the physiological indicators in children with different forms of spastic cerebral palsy

A.A. Bruykov

Department of Medical Biology with the course of Infectious Diseases, Medical Institute, Derzhavin Tambov State University, Tambov, Russian Federation

Objective: To assess the indicators of the cardiovascular system (CVS) affected by exercise in children with various forms of cerebral palsy (CP).

Methods: Total of 24 children aged 12-14 years with spastic type of CP were enrolled in the study. They were divided into two groups. Group I included children with spastic diplegia (mean age 13.3±1.2 years), group II – with spastic double hemiplegia (mean age 13.8±0.9 years). For evaluation of the CVS functional condition, the heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), pulse pressure (PP), stroke volume (SV), quality and type of CVS response to physical activity (Letunov’s test) were assessed. A modified Martine-Kushelevsky test was used as an exercise test.

Results: All children revealed hypertensive type of CVS response to the Martine-Kushelevsky test. Our investigation showed that for both groups of children HR, BP, PP, and SV did not significantly change after the exercise, while the indicator of the type of CVS response to physical activity (Letunov’s test) was significantly reduced in group II (0.125± 0.008 mm Hg/bpm), compared to the group I (0.135± 0.009 mm Hg/bpm) (р<0.05).

Conclusion: Children with both spastic double hemiplegia and spastic diplegia showed hypertensive type of CVS response to the Martine-Kushelevsky test. The study showed the importance of evaluation of the CVS reactivity to the exercise for the development of individual rehabilitation programs for children with CP.

Keywords: Cerebral palsy, cardiovascular system, type of CVS response to physical activity, Martine-Kushelevsky test.

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Authors informations:

Bruykov Aleksey Aleksandrovich
Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Medical Biology with the course of Infectious Diseases, Medical Institute, Derzhavin Tambov State University
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9887-7879
SPIN: 5876-0648
E-mail: ba73-87@mail.ru

Information about the source of support in the form of grants, equipment, and drugs

The study was sponsored by the grant N33-MU-20 (01) “Study of the dynamics of physiological parameters in primary school children with cerebral palsy to various programs of rehabilitation” (2020) by the Department of Education and Science of the Tambov Region, Russian Federation. The author did not receive financial support from companies manufacturing medications and medical equipment

Conflict of interest: No conflict

Address for correspondence:

Bruykov Aleksey Aleksandrovich
Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Medical Biology with the course of Infectious Diseases, Medical Institute, Derzhavin Tambov State University

392000, Russian Federation, Tambov, 33 Internatsionalnaya str

Tel.: +7 (903) 6990099

E-mail: ba73-87@mail.ru

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