Obstetrics and Gynecology

doi: 10.25005/2074-0581-2024-26-2-262-271


1Obstetric Department, Tajik Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan
2Sughd Regional Maternity Hospital, Khujand, Republic of Tajikistan

The article reviews the literature on spontaneous preterm birth (PB) risk factors. The search for literature sources was conducted in the electronic databases Medline (PubMed), Scopus, Web of Science, eLibrary, and CyberLeninka for the last ten years using keywords such as preterm birth, epidemiology, perinatal outcomes, risk factors, and prognosis. PBs are a significant issue in modern obstetrics due to their widespread prevalence, contribution to perinatal morbidity and mortality, and the lack of reduction in their incidence in recent years, even in developed countries. Despite advancements in managing PB and care for mothers and premature newborns, there has been no decrease in the frequency of PBs. Therefore, studying risk factors for PBs is crucial for identifying pregnant women at risk and predicting the likelihood of PB during pregnancy, enabling the timely implementation of preventive measures.

Keywords: Premature birth, frequency, risk factors, prediction.

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Authors' information:

Ishan-Khodzhaeva Farangis Rustamovna,
Candidate of Medical Sciences, Senior Researcher of the Obstetric Department, Tajik Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9211-1124

Rasulova Manzurakhon Amondzhonovna,
Applicant of the Obstetric Department, Tajik Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology; Obstetrician-Gynecologist of the Sughd Regional Maternity Hospital
ORCID ID: 0009-0006-5558-7007

Information about support in the form of grants, equipment, medications

The authors did not receive financial support from manufacturers of medicines and medical equipment

Conflicts of interest: No conflict

Address for correspondence:

Ishan-Khodzhaeva Farangis Rustamovna
Candidate of Medical Sciences, Senior Researcher of the Obstetric Department, Tajik Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology

734002, Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, M. Tursunzade str., 31

Tel.: +992 (985) 160006


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