Environmental and Occupational Health

doi: 10.25005/2074-0581-2019-21-2-219-224
THE SEVERITY AND TENSION OF THE DRIVERS OF PASSENGER VEHICLES WHILE WORKING IN CONDITIONS OF THE BIG CITY

B.Kh. Nushervoni, A.B. Babaev

Department of Hygiene and Ecology, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

Objective: To give a hygienic assessment of the severity and tension of the drivers of passenger vehicles while working in conditions of the big city

Methods: The study involved 40 drivers of buses «AKIA» (produced by Turkey), «LiAZ» and trolleybuses of the brand «TIU» (produced by Russia), which are a part of the Dushanbe park. Studies were conducted on the magnitude of statistical load before the start of the shift and at the end of the working day, being forced to work postures, the duration of concentrated observation, nervously-emotional tension with the help of corrective tables of Anfimov and Platonov, as well as chronometric observations of the working day in the dynamics of the work shift.

Results: The analysis showed that almost all drivers of passenger vehicles performed overtime during the entire working shift. It has been established that the majority of drivers were engaged in basic production operations on average during 13-14 hours of work shift, which is higher than the average standard 10-50%.

Conclusions: The conditions and nature of the work of drivers of passenger vehicles are harmful and dangerous due to high nervous and emotional tension and irrational organization of the work and rest regime.

Keywords: Passenger vehicle , driver, working conditions, severity and tension of labor, work and rest regime.

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Authors informations:

Nushervoni Biloli Khaliliyon , PhD Student, Department of Hygiene and Ecology, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7718-0762

Babaev Abdunaim Babaevich , Doctor of Medical Sciences, Full Professor, Professor of the Department of Hygiene and Ecology, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3667-9353

Address for correspondence:

Nushervoni Biloli Khaliliyon
PhD Student, Department of Hygiene and Ecology, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University

734003, Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Rudaki Ave., 139

Tel.: +992 (985) 020129

E-mail: nbilol@inbox.ru

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