ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Epidemiology

doi: 10.25005/2074-0581-2024-26-2-254-261
PREVALENCE OF OBESITY IN CHILDREN AGED 5 TO 14 IN TAJIKISTAN FROM 2017 TO 2021

F.S. BAKOEV1, J.S. DODKHOEV1, S.M. ABDULLOZODA2

1Department of Pediatric Diseases № 1, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan
2Department Epidemiology named after Professor Kh.K. Rafiev, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

Objective: To study the prevalence of obesity among children aged 5 to 14 years in the Republic of Tajikistan (RT) from 2017 to 2021

Methods: The clinical data used for research was obtained from the Republican Center of Medical Statistics and Information of the Ministry of Health and Social Protection of the Population of the RT. The data covered the period from 2017 to 2021 and included obese children between the ages of 5 and 14. Descriptive statistical methods were used to analyze the results, including data aggregation and trend line derivation. The range of values and their 95% confidence intervals were also calculated. For this purpose, absolute values were converted into rates per 10,000 children aged 5 to 14

Results: : According to the study results, the prevalence of obesity among children aged between 5 and 14 years has increased between 2017 and 2021. In 2017, there were approximately 28 obese children per 10,000, while by the end of 2021, this number had risen to 102 per 10,000 children. The study also found a significant increase in the number of obese children in the capital city of Dushanbe and the Sughd region. The number of obese children was higher in urban than rural areas. However, there is also a noticeable increase in the number of children with obesity in rural areas; at the same time, in urban areas, obesity is more prevalent in girls than in boys.

Conclusion: The study showed a rapid increase in childhood obesity rates, particularly in urban areas. To mitigate this issue, it is essential to utilize specialized programs.

Keywords: Children, obesity, epidemiology, urban/rural healthcare, body mass index (BMI), morbidity, rising morbidity.

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Authors' information:


Bakoev Farrukh Saidzhonovich,
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Pediatric Diseases № 1, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7498-2938
SPIN: 7365-3484
Author ID: 1079409
E-mail: baqoev.farrukh.saidjonovich@gmail.com

Dodkhoev Jamshed Saidboboevich,
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor of the Department Pediatric Diseases № 1, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University
Researcher ID: AAA-5497-2020
Scopus ID: 6505977054
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9228-8544
SPIN: 6609-4501
Author ID: 843620
E-mail: jamshed.dodkhoev@gmail.com

Abdullozoda Said Murtazo,
Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Epidemiology named after Professor Kh.K. Rаfiev, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0058-9633
SPIN: 5979-1928
Author ID: 991827
E-mail: saidxoja@gmail.com

Information about support in the form of grants, equipment, medications

The research was carried out in accordance with the research plan of Avicenna Tajik State Medical University (state registration number – GR0123TJ520). The authors did not receive financial support from manufacturers of medicines and medical equipment

Conflicts of interest: No conflict

Address for correspondence:


Bakoev Farrukh Saidzhonovich Postgraduate Student of the Department of Pediatric Diseases № 1, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University

734026, Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Sino str., 29-31

Tel.: +992 (900) 446498

E-mail: baqoev.farrukh.saidjonovich@gmail.com

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