Hygiene

doi: 10.25005/2074-0581-2017-19-3-308-312
HYGIENIC ESTIMATION OF VITAMINS A, E an d β-CAROTENE CONTENT IN RATION OF CADETS AT MILITARY LYCEUM, BISHKEK

A.T. Erbaev1, F.A. Kochkorova1, M.K. Esenamanova1, R.M. Atambaeva1, T.A. Tsivinskaya1, G.S. Kitarova2, 3

1Department of Hygiene Disciplines, Kyrgyz State Medical Academy named after I.K. Akhunbaev, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic
2Department of Physics, Medical Informatics, Biology, Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University named after B.N. Yeltsin, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic
3Republican Scientific Medical Library of the Ministry of Health of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

Objective: Hygienic estimation of the provision of vitamins A, E and β-carotene in the dietary intake of cadets of the military lyceum.

Methods: 267 cadets of the Bishkek Military Lyceum named after D. Asanov, the dietary intake for the educational period 2014-2015 were studied. The obtained data were compared with the existing norms of physiological needs in basal diet, energy, basic foodstuffs for various groups of the population of the Kyrgyz Republic.

Results: The analysis of the actual daily intake of fat-soluble vitamins by adole cadets revealed an insufficient content of vitamin A and β-carotene in the alimentation of adolescents, although the consumption of vitamin E slightly exceeded the recommended standards. A significant difference in the content of liposoluble vitamins was found depending on the season of the year: in autumn (vitamin A), winter and summer periods (β-carotene). The content of fat-soluble vitamins in the ration during the examination period was at the same level, which indirectly indicated an approximately identical food assortment in the diet of cadets at the military lyceum.

Conclusions: A possible cause of the growth in the total morbidity among cadets of the Bishkek Military Lyceum named after D. Asanov, according to the analysis of somatic status, by them could be the insufficient intake of vitamin A and β-carotene.

Keywords: Vitamins A, E, β-carotene, food ration (diet), adolescent cadets.

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Authors informations:

Erbaev Anarbek Tashpaevich, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Hygienic Disciplines, KSMU named after I.K. Akhunbaev

Kochkorova Feruza Atamyrzaevna, Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor, Stuff Head of Department of Hygienic Disciplines, KSMA named after I.K. Akhunbaev

Esenamanova Marina Kadyrovna, Candidate of Medical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Hygienic Disciplines, KSMA named after I.K. Akhunbaev

Atambaeva Raisa Minakhmedovna, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of Department of Hygienic Disciplines, KSMA named after I.K. Akhunbaev

Tsivinskaya Tatyana Alekseevna, Candidate of Medical Sciences, Assistant of the Department of Hygienic Disciplines, KSMA named after I.K. Akhunbaev

Kitarova Gulzhan Saparovna, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Physics, Medical Informatics, Biology of KRSU named after B.N. Yeltsin, Director of the Republican Scientific Medical Library of the Ministry of Health of the Kyrgyz Republic

Address for correspondence:

Kitarova Gulzhan Saparovna

Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Physics, Medical Informatics, Biology of KRSU named after B.N. Yeltsin, Director of the Republican Scientific Medical Library of the Ministry of Health of the Kyrgyz Republic

720040, Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, str. Togolok-Moldo, 1

Tel. : (+996) 312 662005

E-mail: g_kitarova@mz.med.kg

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