Pulmonology

doi: 10.25005/2074-0581-2017-19-3-364-368
DEVELOPMENT OF RISK FACTORS AND CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF EXOGENOUS ALLERGIC ALVEOLITIS IN THE POPULATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

N.I. Mustafakulova, A.I. Sultanov, D.YU. Abdullaeva

Department of Internal Medicine № 3, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University, Dushanbe, Tajikistan

Objective: To study the development of risk factors and specific features of clinical manifestations of exogenous allergic alveolitis (EAA) in the population of the Republic of Tajikistan.

Methods: 100 patients with EAA aged from 17 to 67 years were examined. All patients are divided into 3 groups: I group (n = 35) with acute, II group (n = 30) with sub-acute and III group (n = 35) with the chronic course of the disease.

Results: Most of the patients with EAA admitted to the hospital in the summer and autumn, and a smaller – in the spring and winter. EAA reasons were: Mycoplasma pneumonia, hay, cotton and grain dust. There were pneumonia-like, asthmoid and fibrosing variants of EAA.

Conclusions: The clinical picture of EAA varied depending on the cause, variant and seasonality. Differences were observed in the expression of X-ray data.

Keywords: Exogenous allergic alveolitis, «matte glass», «honeycomb lung», bronchoalveolar lavage.

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Authors informations:

Mustafakulova Namuna Ibragimovna, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Internal Medicine № 3, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University

Sultanov Akbarkhon Ismoilovich, Competitor of the Department of Internal Medicine № 3, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University

Abdullaeva Dilorom Yusupovna, Competitor of the Department of Internal Medicine № 3, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University

Address for correspondence:

Mustafakulova Namuna Ibragimovna

Doctor of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Internal Medicine № 3, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University

734003, Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Rudaki Ave., 139

Tel.: (+992) 918 762494

E-mail: dr.namuna@mail.ru

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