Phthisiology

doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.25005/2074-0581-2017-19-1-90-93
DETECTABILITY OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN SCHOOLCHILDREN FROM DIFFERENT REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

U.Yu. Sirodjidinova, O.I. Bobokhodjaev, K.I. Pirov, F.S. Sirodjidinov

Department of Phthisiopulmonology, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University, Dushanbe, Tajikistan

Objective: To study the infection rate and latent forms of tuberculosis (TB) among the children of school age.

Methods: Comparative results of tuberculin diagnostics among children of school age (8-14 years) in Dushanbe (4284 children) and in the rural area of the Dj. Rumi district (1884 children) at the Khatlon region of the Republic of Tajikistan are presented.

Results: The obtained data confirm that the infection of children with TB in Dushanbe comprises 10.7% and in rural areas 1,5 times more than urban reaching 16.2%. Patients who have not been previously reported to anti-tuberculosis institutions were detected: in Dushanbe – 4 patients, in the village – 3 patients. The number of identified patients in the recalculation for 100,000 surveyed people in Dushanbe reached 93.2 and in the village it was almost 2 times more – 159.2.

Conclusions: One of the main reason is the lack of unregular tuberculin diagnostics, ignorance of BCG revaccination and unawareness of PHC doctors in undetected patients among the schoolchildren.

Keywords: Tuberculosis, tuberculin diagnostics, prepubertal age, infection, morbidity.

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References
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Authors informations:

Sirodjidinova Umrinisso Yusupovna, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Full Professor, Professor at the Department of Phthisiopulmonology at ATSMU

Bobokhodjaev Oktam Ikramovich, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor at the Department of Phthisiopulmonology at ATSMU

Pirov Kadridin Ikromovich, candidate for a degree at the Department of Phthisiopulmonology at ATSMU

Sirodjidinov Fakhridin Salohidinovich, candidate for a degree at the Department of Phthisiopulmonology at ATSMU

Address for correspondence:

Sirodjidinova Umrinisso Yusupovna

Doctor of Medical Sciences, Full Professor Professor at the Department of Phthisiopulmonology at ATSMU

734025, Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Azizbekova Street, 45

Tel.: (+992) 988 659457

E-mail: umrinisso@yandex.ru

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